(Motorsport-Entire.com) – The fatal accident of Formula 2 driver Anthoine Hubert, including the serious injuries suffered by Juan Manuel Correa at the race in Spa-Francorchamps, has shown that safety in motorsport despite the ever better measures can and must be increased.
The security department of the FIA has 28 serious and fatal Accidents during the motorsport season 2019 on circuits were analyzed and drew their conclusions from it . These conclusions are intended to provide even greater security in the future and include several sub-areas: from the car itself to electronics and measures on the routes.
For example, the FIA is planning changes to the front wings in the future, that are no longer so easy to solve. In addition there are changes to the crash structure, better warning systems for the drivers and adjustments to the routes.
In the following we hear the planned changes of the FIA:
To prevent debris from flying around in an accident, technical solutions are developed that prevent larger parts from coming loose from the car. This also includes possible brackets for structurally important debris. For smaller parts, designs – such as new materials – are being investigated to prevent parts from being lost.
b) Passive safety structures
Front and side crash structures are analyzed. The energy dissipation in the front structure should be increased, but the safety cell should also be compatible with the forces. The process is already underway for Formula 1, Formula 4 and Formula E, Formula 2 and Formula 3 should follow in the next auto generation.
Above all, the side crash structure should be revised in order to be better equipped for accidents with other cars – as in the drop from Hubert.
c) Front wing
The compose and the attachment to the nose should be revised so that they can no longer be easily lost. It is possible that predetermined breaking points could be installed so that only certain parts fall off the car in the event of contact.
The robustness is to be strengthened so that the headrest is no longer easily released in an accident.
Electronic safety systems
a) Accident warning
Technology solutions are being examined so that drivers are warned earlier in the event of an accident on the track and no longer react because the view is blocked by the route conditions. Drivers should be informed quickly and reliably about the condition of the track.
In the short term, the rain light of the cars could help. This could indicate the condition of the route to the following driver and also indicate if a vehicle slows down considerably due to a yellow flag.
In the long term, better Marshall systems are to be developed. This includes an automatic yellow signal, direct car-to-car notification and possibly even a coordinated reduction in power and realignment of the cars after an accident.
b) Tire pressure warning system
So that drivers do not lose control of the car due to tire damage, drivers could be informed about the condition of the tires and the internal pressure at an early stage. For 2020 such a system is already in Formula 2 and Formula 3 to be tested.
a) Impacts with an acute angle
Scheduled tests are intended to help improve the efficiency of distance restrictions for impacts with an acute angle. New security standards include barrier systems that are specially designed for impacts with an angle between 0 and 20 degrees are designed.
b) outlet zones
New run-off zones with an additional braking effect are being examined. These include non-slip surfaces or surfaces with high abrasion.
c) Song limit offense
New solutions to control song limits are submitted to the circuit commission to prevent cars from returning unsafe on the circuit.
d) Records data on the circuit status
The FIA Customary for light signals is to be used widely to ensure that all routes have an adequate electronic infrastructure. This is supported by new FIA guidelines for the marshalling system to ensure effective communication between race management and the cars on the track.